Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page The Brahma Sutra defines the thread of Life Force (Prana) by which all of the ritual and Uttara-Mimāṃsā by Badarayana which is called Brahma-Mimāṃsā or. The Vedanta Sutras of Badarayana, Commentary by Sankara (SBE 38), translated by George Thibaut [], at

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Views Read Edit View history. Vedas consist of three portions viz.

In reality there are no conflicts for the thinker. Intelligence is his chief attribute. They were not written by any individual.

Brahma Sutras – Wikipedia

It deals with the knowledge portion. The commentary also is in need of further elaborate explanation. They are clues or aids to memory. Some scholars, such as Sengaku Mayeda, state Brahmasutra that has survived into the modern times may be the work of multiple authors but those who lived after Badarayana, and that these authors composed the currently surviving Brahmasutra starting about BCE through about CE.

This world is unreal. Vedanta is the end or gist of the Vedas.

This world is a Vivarta or apparent modification through Maya. Sri Sankara’s commentary is the best commentary. Madhva, also known as Purnaprajna and Ananda Teertha [].

Brahma Sutras

As temperaments are different, different schools are also necessary to suit the taste, capacity, and stage of evolution of the aspirant.

The student must place his foot step by step and finally reach the highest peak of perfection-the Kevaladvaita realisation of Sri Sankara. The third padastates George Thibaut, opens a new section and theme in chapter 3 of the Brahma-sutras, asserting that meditation is central to the Vedic texts, and summarizing the Vedic theories, from different Shakha Vedic schoolson “how the individual soul is enabled by meditation on Brahman to obtain final release”. Great intellectual people only, with realisation, can compose Sutras.


The theories of other orthodox traditions are discussed in 2. Many commentaries on the fundamental scripture of Vedanta, nrahma Brahmasutrawere written by the founders or leading scholars badarzyana the various sects of Hinduism, and they are transmitted to this day as documents indispensable in the respective sectarian traditions.

The different schools are different rungs in the ladder of Yoga. They attain the Nirguna Brahman at the end of the cycle. The highest philosophy of Sri Sankara which bespeaks of the identity of the individual soul and the Supreme Soul cannot be understood by the vast majority of persons.

If any Acharya wishes to establish his own cult or sect or school of thought he will have to write a commentary of his own on Brahma Sutras. IV, 4, 22declares that sacrifices and so on are means of knowledge, and as the text connects them with the ‘seeking to know,’ we conclude that they are, more especially, means of the origination of knowledge. Articles containing Sanskrit-language text All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November When the impurity has been removed, then knowledge begins to act.

The released soul abides in non-division from the highest Self Brahmanbecause that is seen. Philosophy and Identity in Indian Intellectual History.


Hence it is said to be the Siras head of Vedas. You identify yourself with the senses and say, ‘I am blind, I am dumb’. Sanskrit is very elastic. Sankara’s philosophical view accurately represents the meaning of Badarayana. The impact of Brahma-sutra text on Vedanta, and in turn Hinduism, has been historic and central, states Nakamura: It is also the crucial philosophical issue within Advaita thought. This is an authoritative book on Hindu Philosophy.

This page was last edited on 20 Decemberat Rigveda Yajurveda Samaveda Atharvaveda. It is the cause of the evil that exists within the world.


According to Sri Sankara, there is one Absolute Brahman who is Sat-chit-ananda, who is of an absolutely homogeneous nature. Bhaskara, [] Yadava Prakasha []. The Vedas, according to Vedanta, consists of two parts, states Deussen, which show “far reaching analogy with the Old and New Testaments”, a Part of Works karma-kanda which includes the benedictory mantrassacrifices and ceremonies like the Old Testament, and a Part of Knowledge jnana-kanda which focuses on metaphysical questions about the world, creator, soul, theology, morals and virtues like the New Testament.

The prevalence of Vedanta thought is found not only in philosophical writings but also in various forms of Hindu literature, such as the epics, lyric poetry, drama and so forth. He never condemned selfless service or Nishkama Karma Yoga. He condemned the performance of rituals with selfish motives.